• m Linux pЉ|
    osGAзR firefox s
    | cD | ̔D | g | A | ~R | ୱR | w޲z | QAO | Ŏ | y`~ | m | Xs |
    @ @ @
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    ̪sG2007/07/03
    MmƱziH Linux ON^ϥ Linux ୱAO@ǰ򥻪 Linux [cڭROoDA _h}lIרOwU Linux ɡA|XHRIwU Windows ]O@˪A pnDOΡB榡ƆΆΡCo@تeܤ֡AO@Ӱ䪾ѪA YϩpA@AROƱziHRUߨ@@@o@تeIUUI t~Ao@تez]iHbHɦ^Ӭd\IרO᭱ظ`YA ^ӳo̬d@dARMiHo@ǷsQkOI ^_^


    jADϥqyA
    bثe|ASquOܩ_Ǫ@ƱI]ڭ̥nϥιqDڭ̶iܦhu@C ]Ab줽ǤϥιqӶiU@~BbTZk譱QιqӶiA[]B b𶢮ɧQιqӤWs΃ԤѡBbLԮɧQιqӶiqCڳn骺B@ΆΡC

    OpDثeqW榳ǡHڭ̨ϥΪqq`Q٬yӤHqzӤOԣSOWH q@wݭnn~^ϥΡHڪCڵLkb Windows 98 WB@H oӧڭ̳onA@UnC


    pADϥq\
    OqOH򥻤WA@Eun^y^OKJAgL޿P_Ϊ̬OӋBA ^NͪTKX݁ΦLEΤWEzڭ̴NiH٥LqFC ҥHӤHqBpp⾹BjAΆΡAiH٬qC yܻAڭ̳zLgLηƹKJOAqDEiBANڭ̩һݭnƉKX݁WI oNOqB@L{C

    qœܷN
    Ϥ@BqœܷN

    FnNWϤy޿P_BӋBzҦbBDE]pXӡAoDERontdsKJ]QHΉKX]QA åBRn^ӋBzH޿譱P_A]DENonXœFAo]AG BzBDOBt׬y(iHQDEOWœ)AHΦURKJKX (I/O Um)CLA}gb󤤥BzA]NOU٪ CPU TI

    CPU ̭nOHNڭ̥ͬɭԥƱnzLUӫҫ~ಣͦʤ@ˡA W CPU ̭]OthӫOAoǫOiHQUҤ覡C ӬFtXo CPU AҦbDEWҳ]pXӪwSM]nŦX}Wd~iHI

    NpjܻGyڪkHH|ܡAUPz@ˡAJMqDn\NOb^TKJA gL@ǵ{ǫNLܬASTåBKXӤwASPw}oΦbisɡASMiಣͤPwWTI ѩ󥫳EHά}~}oΪ䴩A{qw骺[c CPU ODnϤjAOpUҭzG
    • Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC)GzOtp⾹
      CPU OzAҥHݭnzL@B~ӶiORC ثe̱`NOӤHq x86 P x86-64 (64줸) [cTI oR[cOثe̱`q[cTI

    • Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC)G̔Otp⾹
      ѩ CISC O[czAF̔ƫOH[t{B@AҥHN RISC [c͡C oR[ciA`ΩjAίŪwW椤C ثeϥγoR[c CPU ~]AGSony Play Station (PS)BIBM Power [c Xbox 360, īGq MacintoshB @V(Sun)q SPARC [cΆΡC(GSony, IBM, īGqHΪ@VO~qW)
    Tips:
    Sony CE (Play Station) ϥΪ CPU W٬ CellFXBox OLnCEAoӹCḘϥΪ CPU hO IBM oiW Power CPUAof CPU ]ΦbīGqqFSPARC hO@Vq۲ CPU C oXf CPU ϥΪ[cOݩ RISC [cI
    mϥ
    pG CPU [cêܡA好ѦҸiH\Ū@fC

    M RISC [ciALѩӤHqΩʡAHΫ Intel P AMD oaDn x86 CPU syq}oX}B@t x86 CPU AثeziHϥά۹KyܦhBNRįܴΪ x86 ӤHqFCӤHqO x86 [cA{bNsܦhAHΥ~}gRΪDE]ϥ x86 [cC ]Uڭ̱NH x86 [cӻqwI(GIntel AMD OasyӤHq CPU qW)

    Tips:
    go@qܪNqOAƱŪ̯ાD CPU [cOܦh˪I s@ CPU qäOu Intel AMD ӤwC~AܦhqBCEOϥ CPU [cA ҥHAAӤHq򥻬[cAUzAL]QDnœOI ^_^
    mϥ

    pADϥӤHqһݵw
    pPW@p`һAqDEDn]AF CPUBOBt׬yƥHΦU I/O UmC oǵwDn\OOHڭ̴NHHӻnFC
    • CPUG
      N^OUʤlADntd޿һPӋBCLn`NOAUʤl`on^~ӪE~|ҡI ҥHoAڭ̤]n CPU ASOAL~|}lʧ@Co]Oڭ̻ݭng{]C

    • DOG
      N^ڭ̪OФO@ˡISOЯOV@AiHeǪ~ɨEPxsLhOЪONVnI ҥHSHݨڭ̹LhOЮɡAݭnӤӦb̭Nߨ観v^XTIҥHA qDEDOq`OVjVnI ^_^

    • KJ/KX (I/O) UmG
      qDEKJ/KXUmD`hA`ҦpwСBСBLEB]QBT]QΆγC HHӻApiHNwзQ^@۰OApiHb̭gPQ(gJw)Ϊ̬OŪṶ̄r(Ūw)A pG\oYǤrNARiHϥέץGNL~(R)C

    • t׬yơG
      t׬yƬOs^UUmApiHNDEOݦOt׬yTI DEOOܭnA]LNWzU󵹥LXb@_AҥHSDEOA LNS@ΤFCpiHNt׬yƷQOH骺gtA gtiHsu骺UӈHFH鬡ʪڥ؊AI
    UUmXiHUϨӥܷN@UG

    Uœp
    ϤGBUœp
    (WzϥܥDn tom's wnAUϤݭӧOqҦ)

    N^MCӤHUBgtBOФOPU~byAOCӤHUBgtfOHΰOФOP@ˡA ѩsyεoiO@ˡAҳyXӪUqO]ۦPC ҥHzb CPUBDEOBOHΦU I/O UmɡAȥ߰ݱM~HhA _hiRLkϥΦbzDEWwI

    |ҨӻAmeu@DEϥ AMD qX Atlhon XP 1800+ CPUAftغӤqDEOC FֳtxstAҥHm]hRF@@ SATA wСA OAR^ӫ~o{ͪDEOWu IDE wФA[I RnhR@ SATA XRdӦwU㥢ѡI
    Tips:
    HݤO IDE, SATA H Athlon XP ܡHS}YIoǬOqw}NyA punD AMD O@asy CPU qAL̤qX@f CPU A AthlonXP NOMf CPU NYiC }wRhnAU|I
    mϥ

    pADϥ{B@y{
    m``b}ݪBͻGySAqqO@ͼoKA AFqqOHzzqOOH׬O...y@ͷ|qHoKIIz^_^IOH ]WYS{IҥHAqwWntX{n~^QUʧ@C qOpUn\઺OH

    ]ӤH騭O͡AL̪񪺤u@Onh҄AFRI҄LRMnpʧ@H
    1. zLgfA_ҥAñqѥWŪ|ҪTABOФUӡF
    2. iJҳǷQ҄Aݨ섂ھڰOбN׼gUF
    3. ҧòm}ҳC
    pGOq{OHӹqDEUOpB@H
    1. CPU ^OAǷQŪơADn]Ѷ׬yƱNwЪŪJDOSF
    2. CPU }lBz{XACPU Ū{XPƳOѥDOSoF
    3. iMȡAȧC
    WzĤ@BGBJpUϤTܷNG

    {B@y{
    ϤTB{B@y{
    (WzϥܥDn tom's wnAUϤݭӧOqҦ)

    ϤTڭ̴XӫܭnyANOG
    • CPU n^{X~|}liB@F
    • @ӻAثe{XPƳOmbwСBІxsCSF
    • ެO{XROơA̜泣nQŪDOSACPU ~ϥΡF
    • ƪǰeXGOzLDEOW׬yơC
    oO̔x{B@yApӭnɯŵwAΪ̬OˬdLnh~ɡA oynI ^_^C|ҨӻAҼ{Wzĥ|IA׬yƬOܭnI Ӷ׬yƥiHeǪƶljKt(We)OAҥHSpbiN DVD ɭԡA tį|ܺCA{bDFaH]Nɶ׬yƳQwлP DVD NEljKƶqFI ҥHL{nɡAϤT (1) t״NCFI ^_^

    Tips:
    ܦhwgbʶRDEɭԡAҼ{ODEOœPCPUΥDO骺WeH ]bƶljKqܤjɭԡAoNvTiOܤjI
    mϥ

    pADϥ{ӡH
    {bڭ̪DFACPU tܦhOA CPU ݭnѥDO餤Ūһݭn{XPƤ~Bzu@A SMTAoǵ{Xn^ϥ CPU OӰӋB޿ΰʧ@~C{XӡH {g̪^NOѦ CPU OAMQ CPU {ѪEX^g{A o˵{NiH^B@FC

    Oo˪ʧ@ꐷСA]EXOE{ѪyAHeAI[WѦ CPU O]OӭWtơA ]oRg{X欰DOΦb@ǫܤpOJ]QA@ӤHqܤ֨ϥγoRҦӶ}oRε{C ӥNO@ӧ@~{ӳBzwDC

    ^wwӼgRε{OSIJvA]C{qYgAEX]eAC ҥHNǤqΪsoiXҿתy@~tzC@~tOQΤ@œS{޲zӵw귽A Pɧ@~tR|Ѥ@œAǶ}oA{]pvbgRε{ɡAݭnҼ{wA ȻݰѦҧ@~tҴѪ}oӼg{YiCɵ{iϥΧ@~tX@픵{yA ]A C, .NET, Fortran, Java ΆΡC

    ڭ̥iHNwB@~tB}oPuBRε{BϥΪ̧@@̔x̹ۨϥܦpUG

    @~tܷN
    ϥ|B@~tܷN

    Wϥܴѧڭ̴X̔xpyG
    • @~t^ѦҵwWgAҥHP@ӧ@~t{^b@˪w[cUB@C |ҨӻAӤHq Windows XP ઽ^b RISC [cqUB@C ҥHzD Windows XP S 32 줸 64 줸FaH ] 32/64 줸 CPU OӬۦPAҥHSMn]pP@~tFC

    • @~tuOb޲zӵw귽A]A CPUBOBKJKXUmɮרtC pGSLRε{UA@~tuqDEǷQS(Ready)ӤwIõLkB@L\C ҥHp{bD Windows XP WnFv^B@Rݭn PhotoImpact Photoshop nwUFaH

    • Rε{}oOѦҧ@~tѪ}oA ҥHMRε{ubM@~tWB@ӤwAiHbL@~tWB@C {bzDhʶRuWCڪЮɡAФW|եժgMnAXΩ@R@~tWFaH ]MDYǹCڬ󤣯^b Linux WwUFaH
    ثe̱`@~tDn Windows, Linux, Mac X, Unix ΡA boǧ@~tWҶ}oXӪ{򥻤WO^qI]L}oäۦPGC o]OSphUYǵ{ɭԡAoӵ{|nhI ]{nw藍P@~thg~I

    ڭ̮`Lnq~ӻCpD Windows XP, Office 2007 }YFܡH
    • Windows XP O@M@~tALwUӤHqWA_hqLk}EB@F
    • Windows 98 P Windows XP OMP@~tAҥHb Win 98 WwUn餣oib WinXP WwUF
    • Windows XP wUnANu֦ܤ֪\AèS줽dznF
    • Office 2007 O@MRε{AnwUenALbǧ@~tWB@C

    pADϥwPXʵ{
    AFwP@~t}yA{bڭ̪D@~tDnb޲zӹqDEw귽A Fn޲zoǵw䴩Aڭ̪@~tSMNonyXʾDEWҦwzFI @}lɡA@~t]p̷|NSɥDyqw@ӾzAow}oΩҴѪXʵ{A åDʥ[J@~tSAHoӨtiH}EöQ{ѵwC

    LwiObiBSI]ADEOBܥdBwІΆΡC߅XswA ҦpܥdAڭ̪@~tSMN{oI@~tMpXʳosܥdH FJAoӰDA@~tq`|Ѥ@Ӷ}ow}oΡA L̥iHھڳoӤ]piHXʥL̵w骺yXʵ{zAp@ӡAunϥΪ̦wUXʵ{A ۵MNiHbL̪@~tWXʳoܥdFC

    Xʵ{P@~t
    ϤBXʵ{P@~t
    (WzϥܥDn tom's wnAUϤݭӧOqҦ)

    ѤWϤڭ̥iHoXӤpIG
    • @~tn^XʵwApRε{~^ϥMw\F
    • @ӻA@~t|Ѷ}oA}oλs@L̪Xʵ{F
    • nϥηsw\AnwUtδѪXʵ{~F
    • Xʵ{OѼtδѪAP@~t}o̵L}C
    ҥHApGpQnbYӧ@~tWwU@isܥdAЭnDMwtδѾASXʵ{aI ^_^I njաyASXʵ{zOH]Xʵ{MO̾ڧ@~tӶ}oA ҥHA Windows ΪXʵ{SMϥΩ Linux UFC


    jADϥnuGw
    e@p`ڭ̽ͨwP{B@}YA]ͨ{DnOm@xsCWA {bDE]QSAxsC̭n@NOywСzoӪNTI SpDEQn@~tɡANonN@~tywUzpwSI ҥHzAwЬO_ܭn[I


    pADϥwЪs^GIDE, SATA
    wЪW~Ӧj}ANOѶDž IDE 茂s SATA C (ڭ̳o̥DnwӤHqAҥH@픪 SCSI bQACC) 򤰻O IDE O SATA OH̔xANOwлPDEOsb@_ӵAѤ@TI ڭ̥HڪwШӧ@AЬݤUϪfwгs^}G

    fwФ
    ϤBfwФ(䬰 IDE Ak䬰 SATA )

    IDE wЪƽu (s^wлPDEO) eAevTEߤ]yAҥH]C pUϩҥܡAo@ƽuWTӵAѡA@^DEOAt~ӫh^bw (κ٬ IDE Um) WC

    IDE ƽu
    ϤCBIDE ƽu (ϥܨ Seagate )

    @ӻADEOW IDE AѦӡAӨCƽuWSiH IDE UmAҥH̦hiH^| IDE UmC pGpݭn@ӥEA̦hpDENiH^T@wЪNCLpRMnQ쪺OGyJMƽuiH^ӵwСA @@wз|QDEHzoӮɭԱonitw (Jump) ]w~IpϤҥܡA IDE ƽuk䪺ӵAѴNOb]wtwaIpiH]wDn(master)Φn(slave)ΦC n`NA@ƽuWiHPɬ master slave A_hDE|@wСIbP@ƽuWA @wn@@ master @@ slave ~

    ѩ IDE oiwgFAӥBƽuSeyq}AҥHӥX{F@RsANO SATA TI qϤpwgiHo{ SATA ƽu^fD`pAӥB SATA t׭n IDE ֪hI ҥH SATA wgثewEDyoI SATA ƽuܷNϦpUϩҥܡG

    SATA ƽu
    ϤKBSATA ƽu (ϥܨ Seagate )

    SATA ƽu^swлPDEOA@ƽu^@@wСAҥHpݭnվtwC L@iDEOW SATA AѪӋqäOTwABCӵAѳsAbs^ SATA wлPDEOɭԡA ROݭndN@UC


    pADϥwЪœ
    b}lڨϥεwФeAڭRonD@UwЪœnCڤWAwдNOѵwнLPŪYœC wнLOΪAƴNOzLYgJwнLWCƯ^QgJwнL̤pxOϰ (sector)A ثe x86 wЪϰϤ@Ӭ 512 bytes ojCӺϰϻEX@ӦP߶ɡANOϬW (cylinder)C pGHϥܨӬݡALI^oˡG

    wнLœܷN
    ϤEBwнLœܷN

    ڳo̰]wи̭Ȧ@ӵwнLpCҥHwг̭nœNOGϰϡBϬWBY (sector, cylinder, head)A䤤ϰϤ@Ӧ 512bytes jAӺϬWήɪ̤pxC

    O_CӺϰϳ@˭nOH@wЪĤ@ӺϰϯSOnA]LOF@wЪnTI Ĥ@ӺϰϥDnOFӭnTAOOG
    • Dn}EO(Master Boot Record, MBR)GiHwU}E޲z{aA 446 bytes
    • Ϊ (partition table)GO@wФΪAA 64bytes
    MBR OܭnA]Stb}EɭԡA|DʥhŪoӰ϶eA o˨t~|DA{b̥BMpi}ECpGpnwUh}EtA MBR oӰ϶޲zND`D`nFI ^_^

    ΪSOHp讳쪺@wдN^@ڭApnboڭWΥXpQnϬqA oӰϬq~^As@AQnaIpGSiΡANQĪϥΡC P˪DzApnwpwжiΡAo˵wФ~iHQpϥΪI


    pADϥϺФΪ
    Ow`u̝lӤγΧaHwRuO|ahIH NQΰѦҹӺϬWX覡ӳBzTIbΪҦb 64bytes eqA`@|œOϡA CœOϰOFMϬqũlPϬWXCYNwХHΨӬݡAMNϬWHϨӬݡA 64 bytes OϬqI^UϥܡG

    wФΪ@ΥܷN
    ϤQBwФΪ@ΥܷN

    ѤWϨӬݡAڭ̥iHDXӤpIG
    • ҿתyΡzuOw墨 64bytes Ϊi]wӤwI
    • wйw]ΪȯgJ|œθT
    • o|œθTڭ̺٬Dn(primary)ΰ
    • ΰϪ̤px쬰ϬW(cylinder)
    • StngJϺЮɡA@w|ѦҺϺФΪA~wYӤΰ϶iƪBz
    򬰦ݭniΩOH]CӤΰϪƬO} IҥHASpݭnNYӤΰϪƭɡA ҦppnNpq Windows C ѭswU@ Windows ɡApiHNLnƲʨLΰϡA ҦpNlBୱƲʨ D ѥhA C ѭtä|vT D ѡI ҥHΤΰϡAiHpƧwC

    t~AѩΰϱNƗbYӺϬWϬqAҦpϤQSĤ@ӤμѦϬWX 1~100 A p@SƭnŪMμѮɡAϺХu|jMe 1~100 ϬWdA ѩƗFANUŪt׻PįIҥHAάOܭnI

    JMΪuO|œƪŶAO_Nڤ@@wг̦huΥX|ӤμѡH SMOTIgBͳDApiHN@@wФΦQӥHWμѪI SOpF쪺OHb Windows/Linux tAڭ̬OzL@Ӻ٬ (Extended partition) 覡ӳBzC JMĤ@ӺϰϩҦbΪuO|۸ơAڥi_QB~ϰϨӰOhθTH NOΪQkCڤWϥܦI^UoˡG

    wФΪ@ΥܷN
    ϤQ@BwФΪ@ΥܷN

    bϤQ@SAڭ̪DwЪ|ӤΰO϶ȨϥΨӡAP1 DnΡA P2 hΡC Ъ`NAΤ^QΨӧ@ƦsI Mڭ̥iHzLΩҫVӰ϶~@ΪOApϤQ@kU診Ӱ϶A ~ΥXӤμѡAoӥѩ~XӪμѡANQ٬޿ΰ (logical partition)CPɪ`N@UAѩ޿ΰϬOѩ~ΥXӪA ҥHLiHϥΪϬWdNOΩҳ]wdI]NOϤ 101~400 TI

    DnΡBλP޿ΪSʧڭ̧@̔xwqoG
    • DnλPγ̦hiH| (wЪ)
    • γ̦hu঳@ (@~t)
    • ޿άOѩΫΥXӪμѡF
    • ^Q榡ƫA@ƦsμѬDnλP޿ΡCεLk榡ơF
    • ޿ΪӋq̧@~tӤPAb Linux tA IDE wг̦h 59 ޿ΡA SATA wЫh 11 ޿ΡC
    WAάOӫꐷЪFA]LOHϬWx쪺yszϺЪŶA ӥBΤSOWߪŶAҥHbΪɭԱonSO`NC|ӨҤlӻAb Windows SA q`L̳wۭq@ӥDnΧ@tѡALeq@ΡA MA~޿ΡCnA]p D P E ѦU 30GB ApQNoѾX@ѡA UoRp쩳i_XH

    ϺЪŶXܷN
    ϤQGBϺЪŶXܷN

    bϤQGSAWϪ D, E ]Pݩ󩵦Τ޿μѡA]punG (1)NoӤμѧRAM (2)Asإߤ@ӷsμѡANbvTLμѪpUA NӤμѪŶœX@ӡCpGOϤQGUϡAѩ D, E ѤݥDλP޿ΡA ҥH̤^Xb@_ADpNί}aAsΡCLAo˷|vTҦ޿ΡI n`NApGγQ}aAҦ޿αN|QRI

    bwФΧܫAo@wдNiHǷQQ榡ƨϥΤFIާAQnO Windows RO Linux A wЪyOSnIOoѩOI


    pADϥDn}EO(MBR)
    DA||\oܩ_ǡAԣqiH}EHԣqDڪ}Enb C ѡH oO]wЪ MBR }YICq}qAqھ BIOS ]wMw@ӗUmDn}EUmC pAHwЧ@}EUmɡAqN|DʪhŪM@wЪ MBR A îھ MBR ̭]wD}E{b̡AҥHA MBR OܭnOI

    peAMBR OwвĤ@ӺϰϤ 446 bytes eq϶AoӰ϶iHwU}E޲z{A b@ǧ@~tWڭ̺ٳoR{}EJ (boot loader)AUڭ̪^٩I loader nFC loader DnȦTӡAOOG
    • ѿxϥΪ̿ܶ}E{Ao]Oh}En\I
    • ^Vi}E{Ϭq
    • Nx\茥浹L loader tdC
    iHwU loader a観ӡA@ӬO MBR At@ӬOCӤμѪWŰ϶(super block)C CӤμѳ|d@Ӱ϶ӰOMμѪ}TApGڭ̨̂HHϨӬݡAWŰ϶, MBR Pڪ}E{L̪۹mOo˪G

    }EJ
    ϤQTB}EJܷN

    ϤQTiHoˬݡG
    • CӤμѳ֦WŰ϶ (super block)
    • ϤtѬĤ@βĤGμѡA
    • ڥi}E{OmμѤI
    • loader u|{ѦۤvtѤ}E{AHΨL loader ӤwF
    • loader i^VΪ̬O^N޲zv茥浹t@Ӻ޲z{C
    ҥHbϤQTAm] MBR loader { Windows }E{A ]LiH^V}E{ (M1ӿx)AL{ Linux }E{A ]ڭ̨ϥ M2 xANv浹 Linux ҦbtѪWŰ϶A MWŰ϶] loader A loader |{ Linux }E{A ]N^QH Linux }EFI

    {bбzQ@QAHa``GypGnwUh}EA̦nwU Windows AwU Linux zOH oO] Linux bwUɭԡApiHܱN}E޲z{wUb MBR ζWŰ϶A ӥB Linux loader iHʳ]wx (NOϤQT M1, M2...)Fܩ Windows bwUɭԡA h|ۤv\ MBR HζWŰ϶AӥBLSڭ̦ۤvܿxE|A]A pGwU Linux AwU Windows ܡApNonۦH spfdisk n魫sBz MBR A _hNiF Linux tF (MiHzLLkӳBz MBR )C

    Windows loader { Linux tѡA Linux loader @ϥΪ̨ӻA GO㦳˩MOAO_L loader iHwUb MBR ̭޲zh}E[H ShIOINOxWͼg SPecialFDisk (̔ spfdisk) oMnI oMnNTаѦҩUsAon餣iHiϺФΪʧ@HΦwU loader A F`OALO夶I@FaI ^_^
    ڭ̷|b᭱ظ`H@ڮרҨӤ spfdisk ϥγI


    jADϥLinux @~ty
    O Linux HoF観ԣnHoөNNs@ypHoөNNSvH oF誺RΫ׼sܡHoOڭ̭nӯdN[IMpQn Linux OH ^_^


    pADϥLinux OԣFH
    JMn Linux NoD Linux Oԣ~C Linux NO@ӡy@~tzI ڭ̫eͨ@~tDn\NOXʻP޲zҦw귽AôѬ}}o{]pvѦһP}oRε{C ҥH Linux O@œ{Ao@œ{iH޲zPXʹqAPRiHѫܦhnΪ}oNOFC

    pGnNwqAڭ̥iHAӧ@~ṱn֤ (kernel) NO Linux A o Linux ֤߭lXiHb http://www.kernel.org oӺAӥBSpNLwUbpqWɡAӵ{XƦܥiHpӋ Kbytes A op{N^XʻP޲zҦwAҥHܦhaqBEδOJ]Qܳwϥ Linux I

    ̦ Linux Ob 1991 ~ѪH˯ (Linus Torvalds) Ҷ}oXӪALۡyHHڡBڬHHzAױN Linux Xں|AѩLҼg{XSuqAҥHܦhbȯŤu{vܳwϥΡC ӥBѩLN{X^XںA]ܦhHiHקL{XA t~hHhO^mL̦ۤv{X˯AHi@B[j Linux OI

    pγ\|ݡGyjaiHק嶺˯{XHLSۧ@vO@ܡHz SMOTILinux OvApnPNLv~^ϥγI Linux vOԣOH


    pADϥLinux v (ۥѳn)
    ܦhHH Linux OyKOzAMIRM Linux OyۥѪz~IKOPۥѦb^O Free A ҥHܮeyja~CLinux OvALvϥΪO GNU pe@qαv (General Public License, GPL)C GNU Oѥv (Richard Stallman) b 1984 ~ҵo_@peAتNObЧ@@ӧۥѪ@~tC GNU (http://www.gnu.org) Shn鴣ѡA ]A Linux }oBsγOϥ GNU nOIo]OӦ˯N Linux ϥ GPL v]@C

    򤰻O GPL vOHN夤媩iHѦҳo̡G
    FA GPL تbTO{ۧ@̪vvQHΨϥΪ̪}ϥγWwCS@ӳn鱾WF GPL vA wϥΪ̨ӻAL㦳UvQG
    • n饻|XlXF
    • ϥΪ̥iHھڭ@̪{Xߵ{g޿F
    • SϥΪ̦PN GPL vAYiۥѪoBƻsBקPAoMnC
    w{]pvhUO@G
    • ϥΪ̤ixªcMn (icAȡApwUBϥΤ覡)F
    • ϥΪ̤HNקvAYMn鬰 GPL ɡAϥΪ̤iNMnק令MQnvF
    • ϥΪ̭sקΪ̰^m{XARMN{XAH GPL 覡^X{]p̡C
    ]NOASpϥ GPL voGnApnPɴѵ{lX~C LApMn骺^mNíhsbA]LϥΪ̤iNvקAҥHp^míhbI ӥBpGM{ϥΪ̲hAhp{X|LӋhHDpվ\AҥH GPL vnq`bįBwʤ譱nI |}׸ɳtפ]֤WD`hI

    ѩ GPL vnbϥΤWۥѫ (Free) S@AҥHڭ̤]ٳoRvn鬰ۥѳn (Free software)A LäOKOn (freeware) IndVF ^_^


    pADϥLinux wUM (distribution)
    Linux JMonΡASMjaQnmۥΡAרOLSOۥѪILA Linux uJ ] Linux 쥻u֤ߵ{A]NO http://www.kernel.org ѪlXӤwAQnϥΥLRonۤvʤsAo@ϥΪ̨ӻAbOjOI ܦhHFnsonΪFAONN Linux ֤ߥisAåB[Jܦhn (@wOۥѳn)A ̭nONo@œFBz@iwU ( DVD)XAoN٬wUM (distribution) FI ҥHA Linux distribution NOG
      Linux distribution = Linux kernel + Free Software + Software + Tools + iwUy{
    ڭ̦AӬݤ@i̔ϡApUҥܡG

    @~tP distribution }
    ϤQ|B@~tP distribution }

    pWҥܡALinux ֤ߴѪOhAo]O http://www.kernel.org ѪNNC PɡAܦhη~qۦXL̪ distribution tXcL̪䴩AȨӶiη~欰A o~ΤӻAbO@Mh@~tIӦpGpuOQnΡAܦhs distribution ]iHAIثe` Linux distributions UoXRG
    SMRܦhTAWuOCX@DZ` distribution ӤwC~R@ǪhODݭnwЪA NOѥж}EAoǪڭ̺٬ Live CD (^H CD }EAN^iJ Linux )C xW] Live CD AҦpUsG
    piHۥѤUMnAMNi}EЩ DVD AYiϥ Linux I SmΪ\]OhTI ^_^I

    Linux ֤ߪ

    Linux oi̫D`hAB]RswPn骺ɯšAҥHy֤߱``W[s\A]NOA Linux ֤߱``ܰʴNOFC F~UӤPtAҥH˯Nw Linux ֤ߪXqwC@ӻA ֤XɪwqG
       2  .  6   .   20
    D..XӋ
    NpPe쪺A]֤ߪܰʩʤӤjApGΦb@aιqΪ̬O~}gRΪܡA `ܰʪ֤ߨäAXA]˯N֤ߵoi炶դѡAîھڳoѮ֤ߪoiOP֤߽sA NOG
    • DB_ӋG
      p 2.5.xx AoR֤ߪDnΦbPois\AҥHq`oRȦ֤߶}ou{v|ϥΡC pGsW֤ߵ{XA|[oRSAΨ첳hu{vSDA~[JU@Tw֤ߤF

    • DBӋG
      p 2.6.xx AΨ֤ߥ\oi|[oADnΦb@aιqHΥ~C Ib󴣨ѨϥΪ̤@Ӭ۹Tw Linux @~쥭xC
    Linux ֤ߪP distribution äۦPAܦhBͱ``WݨGyڪ Linux O 9.x Aа....zdA oO諸ݤ覡A]ҿת Linux RMO֤ߪA ӥثe̷s֤ߪRMO 2.6.21 (2007/06) ~Aä| 9.x X{C

    p`Ϊ Linux thRM distribution ~I]ApGHҤ CentOS ӻApRMGyڥΪ Linux O CentOS o distributionA 5.x Aа....z~I

    Tips:
    SpDQnb Linux AµoɡAаȥJNp distribution A ]MUa distributions ϥΪO Linux ֤ߡALCa distributions ҿΪnHΥL̦ۤvoiuäۦPA hROItAҥHdɱonn distribution ~I ^_^
    mϥ

    pADϥUmN
    pGpgϥιL Windows tܡA|o{pɮ`ޤnhUmA]A C ѡB D ѡBEB iMwEBUSB Um....@jͪFC Linux SoǪFOH׬O....SoǡyNzF Linux tuOHyɦWNUmW١zI |ҨӻAĤ@ IDE AѪ master wХN /dev/hda A /dev OӥؿAOUm (device) YgA hda hO Hard Disk A (hda) YgoIYHܡA slave wдN٬ /dev/hdb oӦpGEObĤG IDE AѪ master ɡAENNO /dev/hdc TI

    ̪Dy SATA wХNOHѩ SATA ϥΪO SCSI œ (wХu IDE, SCSI R)A ҥH SATA wХNP SCSI ۦPA٬ /dev/sda INO SCSI hard Disk A (sda) NC SATA wХѩݭnվtwALOھ SATA AѪǨӵNCҥHĤ@@ SATA wЬ /dev/sda, ĤG@ /dev/sdb HC

    ^UӨ usb wЪNSOHѩ usb ]Oϥ SCSI œAҥH usb wФ]Oϥ /dev/sd? NC o˷||yxZOH|TI]wХNRO|HǬDAҥHq` SATA wХN|e (/dev/sda...) usb wХNh᭱ (/dev/sdc...)

    LAڭ̦be@p`͹LAw`OogLΫ~^Q榡ƨϥΡA]HĤ@@ SATA wШӻA LμѥNH̔x[A^bwХN᭱[WӋrYiCuOn`NOAѩwЪΪwgOd|ӦmA ҥH޿ΪNO 5 }lCڭ̥HUӮרҨӻNG

    ϺХN
    ϤQBϺХN

    nOoAΤ]O@R (MLuObWُX޿ΪϬWmӤw)AҥHӥNnѰOFC ϤQWϫܮeAANOӶǤUӧYOCϤQUϫhio{N /dev/sda3, /dev/sda4 FI ] partition table |۰O[Ao|۰ONOOdC] parmary P extended N@wOe|A ޿Τ@wOѤ}lIoyܭnA]P Windows C, D, E... @ˡI ^_^

    ϥznOoOALinux wgSҿתUmW١ALOɦWӤwCӸtUm}NNA XGOb /dev ӥؿUAoInSO`NI


    pADϥX Window System
    @ǦѪaDA Win 3.1 Ob DOS tW@MnӤwCۦPA X Window System ]LO Linux W@MnӤwAX Window System äO@~tI^_^

    O X Window System OH@~tOrANOݭnu{vUFOt~|B@A ӨSϧΤ\CO@Ǥu{ɤHhAҦpaanøsaP@ת}ʡA SҦpvanøsGpΆΡAodzݭnϧΤCꐬٲzu| (MIT) }oXϧΨϥΪ̤ (Graphical User Interface, GUI) AL̻{oOU@N (window) A ]N٬ X (Q@QA 26 ӭ^rӶǡAW ᭱X{rOH ^_^)C oNO X Window System RWѨӡC

    X Window System ԣS\A Linux nϥγoөNNOH X tDnO[ciQκA QΤ@ X server ޲zw[cAQ X client pøӋڡAMA X server ӦCL݁WC X client iHO@DEA X server hiHb@DEWANcF X suFC piHѦҩUϥܨӬݡG

    X server P X client qܷN
    ϤQBX server P X client qܷN

    WϦêabA X client iOhӥiHb X tWB@{A X server hOiHbhRP@~tWB@{C]NOApiHbP@~tWwU X server A MzL\s X client hoøӋڡA̫bp X server WNୱϥøsXӡC oyhݮୱzOܦDUIӥB@ X client iHh X server s^AbOܦáI

    bw] Linux distribution WAX server/X client nbP@EWAҥHڭ̥iHo X window system Qb@ Linux tWB@I~Ap|ݨϤQϥܡAp|o{򦳭 Window Manager (WM)H Window Mananger OӯS X client AL\DnO޲z X window system C ]C X client ä{ѹAҥHi|yC X client øϹϼh|A BLk~C X clientAPLkbP X client C

    FMo譱xZAåBW[ X window system 귽޲zA]No WM ͤFC ثe WM Dn KDE H GNOME ASMoǪFӥBALثeOHoӭpe̤jA ޲zHεe][}GIHznDOAP WM 㦳Pާ@A ӥB]uOb X server W[cXӪ@ӵ޲zӤwAoӵ޲zOiܧ󪺡I

    Ywnb X window system UWRL}ʡApiHDOG
    • Linux @~tnŰʡAåBXʩҦw餸F
    • X server b@~tWŰʡAåiΫݨϥΪ̉KJF
    • J Window Manager AǷQn޲zEF
    • ib WM WUR X RγnC
    LApApunD Linux WୱO X window system tӴѪA X ȥuO Linux W@œ{ӤwAëD@~tAҥHY X FAS}YA un Linux ֤߬ۡARMNksŰ X Iä|yyҦ⦺`ez몺iȲ{H...


    jADϥɮרt
    Ө쭫naTI@~tӻAɮרtOD`nI]q@~tӴNOnBz@ǸơA oǸܦNqFAoǸƨOmxsCWApnxsCWsBMơA NPɮרt (file system) }TIUڭ̴Nӽͤ@ͳoӮƪFC


    pADϥOɮרt
    ڭ̪D@@wЭnQϥΡAĤ@ӭIOݭni (partition)AΧܫRݭni榡ơA μѤ~^Q@~tϥΡC}Χڭ̪DLOwХһݭnʧ@Ae͹LܦhFAҥHo̲LC pRM|ݪOAݭn榡ơH榡ƪNqOH

    ڭ̥|ӨҤlӻAՐnpгyۡHγ\Oo˪G
    1. ASMOnՐA]AZHΥՐuL (Q@~t)F
    2. L̥nA]NO@jO (Q@w)F
    3. MܳoOY@ӰϬqXӡAǷQnboӰϬqгy (QϺФ)F
    4. ھڥՐ|ANo@ϬqOXASжASMOOT (QNO榡)F
    5. ̫Ր̴N^QγoӐۨӥͬTI(@~tB@)C
    P榡Ʀ}Ibĥ|BJAՐ|̾ڥL̩һݭnӳWُL̪ŶA]A|TBxðTB @Ր𮧰TΆΪAҥHp|o{ӤOQy榡ơz@@檺pжFC P˪AϺФμѪ榡Ƥ]thOoӱpAڭ̷|ھڧ@~tһݭnơA NwШ̾ڳoǷǷQns񪺸ƨӳгyXxsŶAP\WNn^O@@檺pжC

    ~z]nDAP@~t򥻤Wiण|{ѩɮרtC|ҨӻAeRMDՐۓcA ՐRM]DeۓcAzOaIҥHoAzγ\``|oAWindows ɮרtiLkQ Linux AP˪A Linux ɮרt Windows ӻALi]|DpŪI^_^

    Linux ɮצǭnƻݭnxsOHjyRG
    • ɮݩʡGLinux ɮצܦhݩʡA]AO_iŪBigBiAHɮשݤHBݸsœA CɮשҫإߡBקLɶΆΡAOɮתݩʡC

    • ɮפeGҦprɤrAƮwɮפơAoǴNOҿתɮפeC
    FnsɮתoRơA] Linux ɮרtb榡ƪɭԡAq`onwoRƨӳWdX϶~C Linux ɮרtq`ݭnoXӪFG
    • inodeGinode ϶DnbxsɮתݩʡAC inode 128bytes ojA ӥB䤤Fݩʤ~AR|OMɮתeҦb block ϶mCЪ`NAC inode OXF

    • blockGNOɮפemaAAǪ block @Ӭ 4Kbytes ojA P˪AC block XIoӸXiHQO inode YhA oɮפ~|DLeQm쨺 block ϶F

    • Super blockGWŰ϶AoӰ϶iHOɮרtnƻPơC nƥ]A`@h inode/blockAQϥαPѾl inode/block ΆΡC
    ӤμѪ榡ƓGAyɮרtpUҥܡG

    ɮרtܷN
    ϤQCBɮרtܷN

    pϤQCҥܡAb inode table block area SAOQn^\hpjˤlAb inode ̭OɮתݩʡA b block hOOɮתڤeCणŪoɮרtAhPXʵ{ (œ) }C

    ` Windows ɮרtDnG
    • NTFS
    • FAT
    • MS DOS
    ` Linux ɮרtDnG
    • ext2/ext3
    • reiserfs
    • vfat
    򥻤WA FAT P vfat O@˪FAҥHbw]AUAP˪ FAT partition iHPɳQ Windows/Linux Ҥ䴩A o]Oa҄ŹqU׷|Ҥ@D@AOnNY partition FAT nh}E@~tiHPɤ䴩GC p|ݡA Linux uŪ NTFS H Windows uŪ Ext2/ext3 ɮרtܡHOiHTI Yǹ馳X@Xʵ{ (œ)AzLoǼœDALinux iHŪ NTFS ɮרteA Windows iHŪ Ext2/ext3 ɮרtC


    pADϥO Linux ؿƬ[cH
    be@p`ڭ̽ͨF inode P block oӪFA]DFɮתƨO(1)ݩʻP(2)e̡A ӧڭ̥iHzL inode O block XӨoɮתݩʻPeơCҥHAڭ̥unD inode XN^D@ɮתƤFCiOASQ@ơA NOyګ򪾹DY@ɮתݩʬOOb inode XWHz ɴNonzLؿF (directory tree)C

    pPe쪺ALinux wgSҿתUmW٤FAҥHSM]S C, D... ѡCڭ̪ɮ׭npmH Linux ( Unix-Like, Unix t) ϥΪOؿC̳hؿڥؿ (/) AҦؿboӮڥؿC oӥؿ]OɮתIpGAHɮ`ުQkӫҪܡApPUϩҥܡG

    Windows ɮ`ުؿܷN
    ϤQKBɮ`ުؿܷN

    bϤQKذ_ӪANOؿIɮ`ޤ̳hؿ٬yୱzAb Linux UhOڥؿC piHϥΤUϨӵyLA@UؿyG

    Linux tؿܷN
    ϤQEBLinux tؿܷN

    JNݤ@UϤQEeAĤ@榳 bin AӋĤG] bin AۦPɦWiHPɦsbܡH oɮ׬OPɦWI]̤OOG
    • /bin
    • /usr/bin
    ݥXPFaH]L̦pGqڥؿg_ܡAMɦWN|ܦW@LGFIҥHA̳hoӮڥؿOuܭn[I MnDOAoӥؿOμѳsb@_[H


    pADϥɮרtPؿ}Y()
    ڭ̪D Windows μѬOH C, D... Ϊ覡ӳBzAӳo C, D... hObyڪqzUA Linux ؿPμѪ}YSpH

    ؿPμѤ}
    ϤGQBؿPμѤ}

    pWϡA]ڪwФѡAѩڥؿ@wnsbAҥHڭ̥iHNڥؿQO@ӡyiJIzA ]NOAҦڥؿUɮ׳OӦ۩ partition 1 NC]Aڭ̥unDڥؿP partition 1 inode RAN^̧DZXҦɮת inode XFI]CӥؿPɮפ}ʹI pGAQnĤG partition OHpWϩҥܡAڱN /home WߥXӥt@ partition 2 μѡA /home oӥؿS@ӶiJIFAҦb /home UƳO partition 2 SC

    P_Yɮצb partition UO̔xAzLϦVl}YiCHWϤGQӻA SڷQnD /home/vbird/test oɮצb partition ɡA test --> vbird --> home --> / A ݨӡyiJIzQdANOϥΪiJIFCҥH test ϥΪO /home oӶiJIӤO / I

    b Linux M~Ny譱Aڭ̱N / P partition 1 }Y٬y (mount)zA ӮڥؿNQ٬yIzFCI@wOؿAoӤnѰOFC

    {bڭ̨ӷQ@QAڪqpŪЩOHoӫܭnaI b Windows ̭ϥΪOyEzN覡Bz(] E Ѯ)Ab Linux Uڭ̨̂HϥΥؿI bw]pUA Linux ONEƩm /media/cdrom YhAӳo˨ӻA pGФ̭ɮɦWyڪɮסzɡAoɮ׬Ob̡H
    • WindowsGୱ\ڪq\E:\ڪɮ
    • LinuxG /medai/cdrom/ڪɮ
    LHyzӻApGڱNoӥФ /mnt oӱIOH (] /mnt oӥؿsb)A ɮ׳̜|b̡HpGA^Xyb /mnt/ڪɮסzAoܱzwgDNqFI o̳̮edVA]LP Windows μѥN@ˡI


    jADϥѦҸ

    2007/07/02GunRI@pߤSgӦho˫ŦXyašzϥμҦOHuV|...
    2007/07/03GLA`OgFIjaѦҬݬݧaI

    2007/07/xx HӅpHӋ

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