• m Linux pЉ|
    osGAзR firefox s
    | cD | ̔D | g | A | ~R | ୱR | w޲z | QAO | Ŏ | y`~ | m | Xs |
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    ̪sG2005/11/08
    ΤFn[In}lӦwUڭ̪ Linux mEFI`NI JMo̯SOjժOymEzAҥHA̭RRijOymߥΡzI ӥBAomEbzQA Linux DEާ@eA y̦nnsW Internet zOIܮeQJI[I ڭ̳ǫϥΥثe̷s Fedora Core Release IV ӶiwUI


    jADϥLinux wUĤ@ByWُz
    W@ت Linux DEWُ ڭ̤jPWiHAG yLinux DEtQnDP Linux DEҴѪAȦ}zA ҥHoAnwU Linux Ĥ@BNOi Linux DEӌҹϳWُTIMpWُH ѫe@تeAڭ̤AAnWُn@ Linux DEܡAݭnG
    1. Mw Linux DEwF
    2. ھڨBJ@AܾASwtQF
    3. ھڨBJ@AMwwЪΪAF
    4. ھڥDEW@~tAܾAS}EJ{ ( boot loader ) A HKwUbDn}EϰϤ ( Master Boot Recorder, MBR )F
    5. ھڨBJ@Aܩһݭn Linux {MF
    nFAJMwgDjyݭnWُzAUڭ̴NaӾ޽m@MaInz|ܧ֪ѱhI


    pADϥ@ӽmEWُ
    ]GoDEDnOFڦۤvm Linux ΡA LAӥi|^IJڽmߡCӬFKƬdߡA]Aڻݭn X Window t䴩A ӥBѩ󤣼x Linux A]]ݭnwdwЪŶ@mߤΡCpGOo˪AA zRMnpWُADEOH
    1. Linux DE⪺w

      ѤW]AAziHDoDEDnO@mߤΡAݭn X Window A ӥBѩާ@̬OsA]AijNҦM󳣦wUWhOI

    2. w骺tQܡG

      ]ڨϥ Linux ӧ@mߡAӥBt X Window b̭AwpONҦM󳣗UWhA ]AwФ֡ACPU/ܥdΆΪίŤ]nAAiΆίŤӧCCӥBA O]RMj 256MB HWSCڨϥΪmE]QG

      • DEOP CPUG ڪmE CPU O AMD AthlonXP 1800+Aft Asus A7V8X DEOC
      • OGڦwAF 256MB OC
      • wGϥΤ@@^OUӪ 20GB wСC]ڥu@DEA FnPɨϥ Windows P Linux @~tA]AڿܤFwвDC oˤ@ӡAjuIOiHڧx@DEAӤݭn߱N Windows tRC
      • dGγVKɥd(Realtek 8139 )C
      • ܥdGoӭnA]ڭnϥ X Window A]A ڥΪO 32MB ATI 9200 œ({boӆίŤwgܮttQF)C
      • LKX/KJUmG@ DVD EB pc104 gLBƹB300W qR 19 TDžM^޿݁C

      @ӻAo˪tQOe@}lJERFIثeJERoӰtQnӦhI z]iHQαz CPU ίŬ P-III DEӶimߔ[I ijϥ P-II HUίŪERCDznϥ X Window IаѦҫe@تC

    3. }wФΪtG

      ]OmEAijzDn / P Swap ӧYiCLAROݭndU@ǵwЪŶӧ@mߤΡC ڪ 8GB wХDn 6GB / A 512MB swap A 1GB /home At~ϺЪŶhWُIC ܩϺФλPUؿ}NqAڭ̷|b Ϻɮרt SӶi满A۫[I ^_^CܩpGzwФj 60GB HWɡAi|}EϰϪDANnWߥX /boot oӺϺмѤFAаѦ س̫@`C

    4. MBR S}E޲z{G

      b Linux ̭w]ϥΨR}E޲z{AOO LILO P GRUB oӦnFA䤤A LILO O}E޲z{ALA mӤHˬORZw LILO A ܳLMOAORZnΪAϺХN]wWP Linux WϺХNۦPA ҥHSӤjxZCӸs GRUB OܴΪ@M}E޲z{AڭӤH{A L̤j\]̨yOaO㦳yʺAjM֤ɮz\A LiHzb}EɭԡAiHۦsz}E]wtɮסAIҥHYϱzp߳]whF grub AS}YI}EɭԦۦs@UNnTIo譱ޥA ڭ̷|b }Ey{P Loader ɭԦAӌNA ROCCqY߰_ӽI

    5. ܩһݪMG

      MNФWM󳣦wUAOIOwЪŶALڭ̬OmEI ҥHRO㪺LwUUhnC(pGzQnܮM󪺸ܡA SOijzAȥNyt}ouzA]NO gcc, kernel-headers, kernel-source ΆΦwUWhI)
    Fo@BAKKIWُNwgthFAҥHAoӮɭԡA򥻤WwgiH}lӦwU Linux TIOAROӧxZCANOAbĤTBJɭԡAڭnbwUɭԤΧڪwЧrIH W@ظ̭LwЪƽuPwЦb Linux ̭ϺХN}AMpΡH t~Aۭq覡iHDڤεwжܡHIUڭ̴NӴ@pioǰʧ@oI

    pADϥwЪs^PN
    wФλPtmnaA|vT쥼ӱzDEϥαpA~An@IΤ覡A |zƫO@wwʡI򻡩OHoQnFApGA Windows wи̭AȦ C ѪܡAS Windows ݭnswUɭԡAASQns榡 ( format ) ɡA C Ѹ̭ܤAwgFܦhnɮ׸ơAoӮɭԫH OhoǭnƨLŶNFI ҥHAoaAwΦѥHWANtɮ׻Pɮפ}A iHFn޲zĪGI~AϺФΪnaARiHvTtsƪįOI oӈڭ̦b᭱XئAӽͤ@͡I

    ҥHoA`ϥαpU Linux DEAq`|̷ӥؿPDESʡAӤεwСA HFn޲zġCLAѩ Linux wФΤ㦳uʡAPɡA Linux wФε{ fdisk \ܱjA~AnΪnAnA@U䪺wЬ[cA ҥHAUڭ̥Ӥ@UwЪ򥻬[cAMAӤpΧaI

    {bDywRMO SATA pƽu@RwСCLPH IDE wЪOA ڭ̤wgbe@ؽ͹LFAo̴NLCAO SATA Ϊ̬O IDE wСA Lb Linux SwХNO@˪IҥHAo̧ڭ̨̂HH IDE wШӵy@oI

    q`b 586 ͲDEOW^ƽuɭ ( ƽuNOΨӳs^wлPDEO@ӪFTI)Aӧڭ̺ٳoRɭ IDE ɭAo]OeDywЬɭ(ثewQ SATA N) AFϹjwŪᶶǡAҥHDEOWoӬɭNOQ٬ Primary ( Dn ) P Secondary ( n ) IDE oA Ϊ̳Q٬ IDE1 ( Primary ) P IDE2 ( Secondary )C

    ӦpGAJN[ԎܡAC@ƽuWRӵAաA]NO@ƽuiH^ IDE ɭUm ( wЩΥE )AӧAƽuA] @ӥDEObw]pARMiH^| IDE ɭUmCnFACƽuWMpPO@ӬODw ( Master )A@ӬOƵw ( Slave ) OHoӮɭԴNݭnվwФWtw ( jump ) ~iHDIԎݤ@UzwEaIWRM|ϥܻ~C (GwЪ master/slave P_kAFQ jump Dʽվ㤧~A RiHzL cable ۰ʿܡC)

    nFAҥHpGڦ@ӥEFAڳ̦hNuAwUT IDE wЦbڪDEWCOKIѩڪwлP Linux ϺХN}Aګ򪾹DoӵwЪNOHSDTA IDE 1 ( Primary IDE ) Master wХpA̫O IDE 2 slave wСAҥHUӺϺЪNOG
    @
    IDE\JumperMasterSlave
    IDE1(Primary)/dev/hda /dev/hdb
    IDE2(Secondary)/dev/hdc /dev/hdd

    pڥu@@wСAӥBo@@w^b IDE 2 Master WALb Linux ̭NNO /dev/hdc oIOKIn^SDFII~OOADܤjI ]ApGڳoӺϺгQΦӺϺФμ(Partition)AC@Ѧb Linux ̭NSOpHp󪾹DC partition NOH

    pADϥ{ѵwЪ partition
    򥻤WAwЬOѳ̤pzœx ϰ ( sector ) œAӋӺϰœ@ӦP߶ɡAN٬ ϬW ( cylinder ) A̫cӵwЪeqjpC}wЪ޲zڭ̦bظ`AӤA o̧ڭ̤QnDOApεwСAҥH̔xNwܦpUϥܡG
    @
    1BwиƥܷN
    1BwиƥܷN

    bWϥܤAڭ̥iHܲMEDAbwи̭ӰkA@ӬOmoӵwЪTϡAڭ̺٬ Master Boot Recorder, MBR ( Dn}Eϰ )A @ӫhOɮ׸ƩmaCMBR iHOӵwг̭naFA]b MBR ̭OFӭnFAOOG}E޲z{APϺФΪ ( partition table )C]Aun MBR zaFAo@wдNthnNoFI ]ApGt䤣 partition table ANLkϥγowСAҥHƧYϨSᱼAOS MBR AAROϥΪTI

    Ӭݤ@ݤO partition table OH̔xAڭ̻y zNObקo partition table ӤwIL򥻤WwqFy n ӺϺа϶OѲ x ϬW y ӺϬWzAҥHACStnhŪ n Ϻа϶ɡANu|hŪ x y ӺϰϤơIIo˪DFܡH̔xaIUOoHabͺϺФΪɭԡA nHtu|bwФWΤOBVOُAҡIڤWAL̤j\NOק MBR ̭ partition table TI

    LAѩo MBR ϶eqAҥHAS]pɭԡAN u]p 4 ӤάAoǤΰONQ٬ Primary ( D ) Extended ( ) A]NOA@@wг̦hiH 4 ( Primary + Extended ) ϰA䤤A Extended u঳@A ]AApGnΦ|ϺФΪܡA̦hNOiHG
      P P P P
      P P P E
    pӤΤFC䤤ݭnSOdNOApGWpA 3P + E uTӡyiΡzϺApGn|ӳyiΡzANoΦ 4P FI( ] Extended ઽ^QϥΡARݭnΦ Logical ~A Uڭ̷|~򻡩I )C򬰤n Extended OHoO]pGڭ̭nNwФΦ 5 Ӱ϶ܡAHoӮɭԴNݭn Extended DFC

    ѩ MBR ȯO| partition ưOApGWL 4 ӥHWɡA t\bB~wЪŶmt@ϺФθTANO Extended FI ]zNzwФΦ 3P + E A򨺭 E OiDtAϺФΪbt~ partition tableA ]NOA Extended NO㦳yV (point)zTB~ partition table TI Extended ObtWQϥΪARݭnAB~N Extended Φ Logical ( ޿ ) Τ~QϥΡAҥHoA]ѳo Extended DAڭ̴NiHζWL 5 ӥiHQΪ partition oI LAbڪήɡAROeX{DAUڭ̨ӫҬݬݡG
    • Ҥ@GpGڭnNڪjwСyȮɡzΦ| partition APɡARLŶiHڦbӪɭԶiWُAMpΡH

      G
      ѭ誺Aڭ̥iHDA Primary + Extended ̦hu঳| partitionAӦpGnWL 5 partition ܡANݭn Extended DC]AboӨҤlAڭ̡ydUΦ| Primary zOHpzO@ 20 GB wСA 4 primary @ΥhF 15 GB Az߷QR 5 GB iHQιaHhIѤU 5 GB yϥΡzAoO]wgShl partition table ϥiHOFA]]NLkiB~ΡASMoA Ŷ]NQOFI]AФdU`NApGznζWL 4 ѥHWɡAаOo@wn Extended ΰϡAӥBNҦѤUŶt Extended AMAH logical ΰϨӳWُ Extended ŶC t~AҼ{ϺЪsʡA@ijN Extended ϰϤΦb̫᭱ϬWC

    • ҤGGڥiiHȤ 1 Primary P 1 Extended OH

      G
      SMiHI򥻤WA Logical XiF 63 A]A AiHȤΤ@ӥDΡAåBNҦLγ Extended AQ Logical ΨӶiL partition WُYiI
    • ҤTGpڪwЦwUb IDE 1 Master AåBڷQnΦ 6 ӥiHϥΪwкϰϡACӺϺЦb Linux UNH

      G
      ѩwЦb Primary Extended ̦hiH|ӡA]Ab Linux UAwgN partition table 1 ~ 4 dUӤFApGuΤF 2 P + E ܡAN|ťX partition number IAN@UA]ڱN| P + E ΧFA wЪڤη|pPUϩҥܡG
      2BӵwЪΥܷN
      2BӵwЪΥܷN

      ڥiHϥΪO /dev/hda1, /dev/hda2, /dev/hda3, /dev/hda5, /dev/hda6, /dev/hda7 o partitionIܩ /dev/hda4 o Extended ϰϥȬOΨӳWُX Logical iHQΪϺЪŶӤwI(bC partition ̫eϰϡA|@ӯS϶A ٬ super blockAڭ̪ Extended VANO /dev/hda4 super block BA MBNOB~O partition table TI)

      U@ڥuQn 1 Primary P 1 Extended OHoӮɭԧAϺФη|ܦpUҥܡG
      3BӵwЪΥܷN
      3BӵwЪΥܷN

      `NFܡH] 1~4 wgQwdUӤFAҥHĤ@ Logical N 5 }lp_Aӫ᭱bQWُA NH}[覡W[ϺХNoIӨ䤤 /dev/hda3, /dev/hda4 oӥNhOŪA QOdUӪNC

    pADϥLinux wUҦUAwФΪ(n)
    ڤWAb Linux wUɭԡAwgѤFShw]ҦzܤΪ覡FA LALApAΪ欰OܯŦXۤvDEˤlI]ܳCӤHyQkzӤ@ˡI ]AjPijϥΡyۭqwU, Custom zoӦwUҦI bY Linux distribution A|NoӼҦgܼF`AsOy Expert, MaҦ zAoӴNF`FAЬ۫HzۤvAAWNۺ٬ Ma FaISDI

  • ۭqwUyCustomzG
    • AG즸^IJ Linux GunΡy / zΡy Swap zYiI

      nFAq`즸wU Linux tB̡ͭAڭ̳|ijL^H@ӳ̤jϰϡy / zӦwUAo˦ӦnBANOȤΎh~yLkwUxIҦp /usr/ O Linux i{ά}\񪺥ؿAҥHLeqݨDZjA U@AΤF@ϰϵ /usr AOo^jAN˸FI ]|yLkNƧgJDANi|LkwUTI]WA pGAO즸wUܡAiHȤΦӺϰϡy / P Swap zYiI

    • BGijΪkGwd@ӷQϰϡI

      NpPeXӤ߱oɤؤ쪺Aѩ Linux w]ؿOTwAҥHAq`ڭ̷|N /var /home oӥؿyL[j@ǡApGw^jܡA[ӴX GB ]LIt~A /usr ܤֵL 3~5 GB aApGwЯujܡI / ]iHӴX GB ŶC̫Aѩڭ̪ Linux iObyΡz픬qAҥHܦi|ƪ@AwUA]WAm |wd@ӺϰϨӷQڪ֤TP@L{\oh scripts ( NI^ DOS 妸 ) ASMAڪ /home UNN]iHQaA ӦwUM󪺭lɮפ]iH\bo̡Iӳ̤jnBOASڪ Linux swUɭԡAڪ@ǮM}WNiH^bwSI IswUKQTI
  • Linux wU{Ѫw]wФΤ覡G
    󭺦^IJ Linux B̡ͭAq`ijϥΦU distribution Ҵѹw] Server wU覡A]|ALko Linux bdKAӥB]oiHŦXAݨDI`NG Server ɭԡAСyTwzzwиƬOnI] Linux |۰ʪAwи̭HƥI~AwЦܤֻݭn 2 GB HW~iHܳo@ӼҦI
    wФ譱WُjPWNOpTInWُwЪɭԡAЯSOp߽I

  • jADϥ}lwU Fedora Core Release IV
    Linux wUenǷQOHNOewgLXөNNTIkǤ@UG
    1. Linux DEWُxGNOڭ̳WُnӸoI
    2. Linux distribution GQΤ@ǬMHxUU Linux AΪ̪^HѴѪ| CD U FC4 iwUoI
    3. DEwTGھڥDEWُxeA h@UAwTaI䤤SOnOAˬd@UO_iHϥΥж}EOHpG BIOS 䴩ж}EܡANݭnwUi}EnСC
    4. wsuGoѥ͡A_heNӦhFA IAgUhm|ƱKKҥHФjaWd\@UwsuaI
    5. TG]AA IP, netmask, gateway, dns IP BO_D^ΆΡAݭnDI
    MAUӮM󪺦wUBJthAjyOG
    • A. ܦwUҦGDnϧΤwUPrwUF pGOϧΤwUܡARiHܻytAoӮɭԧڭ̴NiHϥTI
    • B. jMwTGMwU{|hjM@Utw]QA HQ򪺳BzAwU{|boӦaz[J@ǰӋAHXʤUm]QF
    • C. ]wgLBƹҦGoӥiOܭnاrI
    • D. wФγ]wGNO责쪺XӪ`NƶF
    • E. MGoOܭnOIЯSOdNI
    • F. Pwʳ]wGsW Internet ҦPXʺd覡γ]wF
    • G. Wź޲zP@먭ϥΪ̱b]wG̭nO]w root ( Wź޲z ) KXoI
    • H. ]w X-Window P}EGpGwU X-Window }nA X-Window Nݭn]wåB@UI
    jyNOoˤlaInFAUڭ̴NunӦwUoI


    pADϥ 1. ܶ}EǨö}EG
    ]ثeXGҦ Linux Distributions O䴩ж}EA ӧڭ̪DEO]XGO䴩ж}ECuOAznTwtĤ@Ӷ}EjMUmENOFC ڭ̥iHb BIOS ̭]w}EǡAݬݯणHE}EI ]w覡G
    1. qg}EF
    2. biJte|X{ Del rˡ]CӼtPӬۦP^AɫUgLW Delete gF
    3. iJ BIOS HVg yBIOS Features Setupzo@AΪ̬O yAdvanced BIOS FeatureszAަpAϥunݨ yBIOS Featureszr˪@NFIF
    4. NVgʦ yBoot Sequencez Ϊ̬O yFirst Boot DevicezF o@AgLWyPage Upz yPage Downz gAܡyCD-ROMz Ĥ@}EYiCo̪`N@UApGAEä䴩 CD-ROM }EܡAA@w䤣 CD-ROM o@CoNꐷСA]ثe Linux distributions Ȥ䴩ж}EҥHAzNonΪ̨L覡ӦwUFC
    5. gLW yESCz ghXF
    6. NVgʦ ySave and Exitz o@ yEnterz yYz T{᭫s}EYiI
    bi槹WBJAбNĤ@ Fedora Core IV i}EЩJEAUqAL}EhI
    Tips:
    AثeF@몺Ф~Aܦh Linux ]ѥi}E DVD FI ҥHApGz 4 U FC4 ꐷСAiHqujU DVD FC4 I
    http://ftp.isu.edu.tw/pub/Linux/Fedora/linux/core/4/i386/iso/ t~A FC4-i386-rescuecd.iso ɮפ]iHUIӬOС pGoͤiwh~ɡAQγoӥХiH^ӱz FC4 I
    mϥ

    pADϥ 2. ܦwUҦG
    bi槹Wʧ@AzAWAzDEwgH FC4 i}Eж}E\FI pGoͤ@ǎh~TɡAܥiOѩG 1)w餣䴩F 2)E|DF 3)ФDF pGOoˡAijzAAJNT{@UzwO_WWHΪ̨L`{HC ӡAzШӷ]ݭnAT{I(pGOѤWتСA oo{Lk}E\ATw@UzEO_|DH@xEݬݡC pGROLk}EAiHH^zщΡAХLDz@œЩOIoOzvQI)

    @ Linux |䴩ܤ֨RwUHWwUҦAOOr(text)Pϧ(graphic)C `ܡAHж}EA|X{pUϥܡC

     4 BܦwUҦ
    4 BܦwUҦ

    pGQnHϧΤӦwUAiH^U <enter> gApGQnHrӦwUA iHbbYaKJy linux text zwU{HrwUC LAn`NOApGb 10 kzSb boot: (bYB)KJgܡA wU{N|Hw]ҦӦwUAw]OHϧΤӦwUIڭ̳o̤]ϥιϧΤӤC AӤ^TIuOϧΤRiHϥΤNOFI ^_^

    bU Enter AwU{N|}lhwAåBNTCb݁WzѦҡA pUϩҥܡCѩmFϪݭnAҥHϥ VMWare nӼ[wUC LANpPeAijzγo˪nӦwUIo̥uO@ӤӤwC 5 bYBNX@ IRQ QΡAHΦwU{쪺w}T(Ҧp VMWare [wСI)

     5 Biw鰻L{
    5 Biw鰻L{

    w鰻A|X{@ӬO_ˬdЪeApUϩҥܡC `NApGnˬdЪܡA|hܦhɶIҥHApGTwШӷSDA пܡy Skip zﶵYiI

     6 O_ˬdСHп skip IB
    6 BO_ˬdСHп skip I

    Lˇu@A]ڭ̨ϥΪOϧΤwUҦAҥHwU{N|hG ݁BgLBƹΆά}woIpUϩҥܔ[I

     7 BwU{쪺݁BܥdPƹθT
    7 BwU{쪺݁BܥdPƹθT


    pADϥ 3. ܦwU{ytPgLtmG
    bF@ǵw譱AQܡANiHiJϧΤwUFI wUepUϩҥܡC򥻤WAkӰ϶ADnO@yzΡA k~Ouާ@϶IpGzdoӦwUeOFΪAiHѦҥ϶C ܩkUhOU@BΪ̦^W@BsILU@Ba

     8 BFC4we
    8 BFC4we

    NOܻytTI]wU{iHϥΫܦhPyӧe{C ڭ̥iHܤӶiwUIpUϩҥܡAܡyc餤zyU@BzYiI

     9 Byt
    9 Byt

    KKIɳMOHܧڭ̩һݭneFI[IuO@FI ^_^ ^UӡAhnܡygLtmzC]CӦaϪgLWrtm@ˡA ڭ̨ϥΪO^媺gLtmAҥHAܡy^zNiHFIpUϩҥܡC

     10 BgLtm
    10 BgLtm


    pADϥ 4. wUtPϺФΡG
    OywUtzOH򥻤WA FC 4 wgDzWُn@ǥDEQΪ覡FC |ҨӻApGzQnϥήWq\AiHܤUϪyӤHqzءA L|DʪDzinϺФΥHά}Mܔ[ILAIOA izw partition N浹tDʥhP_BzAbߤWA|nA ӥBAtw]λPM󪺿ܡA]oN|zQ^@ˡI ]Ao̱jPijzAȥܡyۭqwUzI

     11 Bw]wUt
    11 Bw]wUt

    nFA^UӦ۵MNOniϺЪΰʧ@FIoOڭ̦bwUPWُ@jժaOI ^_^ ɡAпܡyϥ Disk Druid zuӦۦiϺФΩOIoiOܭnI

     12 BϺФΪҦ(۰/)
    12 BϺФΪҦ(۰/)

    pGO@@swСAi|oͦpUh~TAoӰTȬOizA wU{䤣 partition table ӤwARݭnӾTIɡA ^UyOzNiHFI

     13 BTwO_R partition table
    13 BTwO_R partition table

    ^UӪehObާ@ϺФΪDneFIoӵeDnTj϶A ̤W謰wЪΥܷNϡAثe]ڪwШåΡAҥHe{NO@ӥB Free rˡC hOOϡAUhOCӤμ(partitions)ũlϬWBϬWBҦeqjpA Hά}ɮרtPIFC}󱾸Iڭ̷|b᭱Xӏظ`[HA o̱zunDڭ̭nNϺФμѱ /home H / R swap YiC

    ܩOϡA`@j϶A䤤 RAID P LVM OwЯSRΡA ڭ̥L(bg̫᭱w@ظ`Aڭ̷|ӽͤ@ LVM)C O@ΦpUG
    • ysWzOW[sΡAYiΰʧ@AHإ߷sϺФμѡF
    • yszhOswgsbϺФμѡAziHbڪAܰIQnק諸μѡA MAIyszYiiMμѪsʧ@C
    • yRzhOR@ӺϺФμѡAP˪AzonAڪAܰIQnRμѳI
    • y]zhO_̭lϺФΪAI
    ݭn`NOAztPmtSMi৹@ˡAҥHAz݁WwиTA RM|PmۦPIҥHݨ줣PAnӺi[AO`I

     14 BϺФΪDe
    14 BϺФΪDe

    nFIǷQӶiΪʧ@aIUysWzA|X{pUϪ ڭ̱oܱIAڭWُXӪOڥؿ / μѡAҥHIpUϳ̤WbYaA M / YiF

     15 BܮڥؿϺФ
    15 BܮڥؿϺФ

    ^UӡA]ڶȦ@@wСAҥHbyiϥκϺEzNSkܡA@wOTw@@TI ӧڷQnϺɮרtN܊AǪ ext3 YiIAӫhOܤΪAFC AڭnWُX 6GB kA]AbyjpzӦa萺J 6000 (jO 6000M = 6G)C MڷQnTwjpA]ܡyTwΰϤjpzBܡyjDnΰϡzAoӴNO primary partition TI̫UTwC(`NApGzQnNtҦMwU o̦ܤֻݭnJ 10000 AY 10GB Ŷ~^I)

     16 BܮڥؿϺФ
    16 BܮڥؿϺФ

    |^DeANpUϩҥܡAbyܷNϡz譱Nwg@Ӥj϶X{FI bڪAϡAh /dev/hda1 X{FI̔xaInFA~Ӷi[O swap ΧaI

     17 BwgΥX / e
    17 BwgΥX / e

    P˪UysWzMN|X{P˪eAɡAڭ̪^byɮרtzaA ܡyswapzoYiIo Swap \OH̔xALiHQݰ y[OzoA[OOH ziHo˷Q^ASAOu 64 MB ɭԡAOAttMӤjFA ҦpMӋQӤHsWA Web AɡAAONHtoǭp⪺ơI HoӮɭԧڭ̥iHϥεwШӼ[O骺ƦsAoӴNOҿתy[OzoI LA[O骺t׷|CI

    SƳQsbO̭AOoǸƤSO`Q CPU ҨήɡA oǤ`QϥΪ{DZN|Q[OSA ӱNt׸֪OŶXӵuݭn{ǨϥΡI oNO[O \Ĥ@TIq` Swap ijȤjOyRAM ⭿jzA OoӦ]ayTI^m Proxy DEONF 1GB FA O_Rݭn[OOHoI

     18 BsW[ swap ϺФ
    18 BsW[ swap ϺФ

    MAڭ̭nN swap Wُ 512 MB AҥHApUϩҥܡA^J 512 AåBP˪jDΡA HΩTwΰϪjpAUTwYiI

     19 BsW[ swap ϺФ
    19 BsW[ swap ϺФ

    A^DeIIݨFܡHShF@ partition X{TIoO /dev/hda2 OI

     20 Bt / P swap De
    20 Bt / P swap De

    ~ӷsW /home oӤμѧaIpUϩҥܡAڭ̵ /home j 1GB ϺЪŶaI Pˤ]O܊AǪ ext3 ɮרtI

     21 BWُ /home ϺФμ
    21 BWُ /home ϺФμ

    ^DeAoNOڭ̳̜檺ΓGFI`NAڭR@ѾlŶSϥΨI ӨSQϥΨ쪺ŶAiHڭ̥ӪϺнmTIONLWُFI ^_^ t~Az]iHۦ@UHP覡ӤαzϺСA|ҨӻAz]iHoˤΡG
    • Swap 100 MBF
    • /var 3~5 GBF
    • /usr 3~5 GBF
    • / 1 GB HWF
    • /home iHj@ǡF
    • /backup ΨӰQϰ
    LApAڭ̳oӽmEγ̜GpUϡG

     22 BΧ̫G
    22 BΧ̫G


    pADϥ 5. ܶ}E޲z{G
    ΧwФA^UӴNӿܶ}E޲z{TIb Linux ̭Dn Lilo P grub oM}E޲z{ALAثe Lilo wg֨ϥΡAӥNNO grub oӦnΪ޲z{oI ҥHAڭ̥iHݨpUeGȱo`NOA}E޲z{iHQwUb MBR ]iHwUbC partition ̫e super block B(oӧڭ̷|b᭱~򻡩IݤLHYiI)C bUSAڭ̦wUb /dev/hda AoNOyMBRzwUIApGOy/dev/hda1zoӴNO super block wUBTI

    bUϤAܤFڭ̥ثeȦ@Ӷ}ExANO yFedora Corez oӿﶵӤwC ڭ̥iHzLysWzByszPyRzӺ޲z}EɡAnܪءC |ҨӻApGzwU Windows boӨtSA򦹮ɡAzNiHUysWzA N Windows i}Eϰϥ[oӵeSӳIܩ̩UyKXzPyi픳]wzA ڭ̦b}ظ`ͨɡAA`JӬs[I

     23 BwU grub }E޲z{
    23 BwU grub }E޲z{

    WϤApGUysWzN|X{pUҥܪϼˡAɡAziHܩһݭn partitionA Hζ}EɿxW(A)AUTwYiCpGSB~}EϡA NLoӨBJaI

     24 BwU grub }E޲z{
    24 BwU grub }E޲z{


    pADϥ 6. P]wG
    AӡApGzdiHQt쪺ܡAzNiH]wӋFI ҦpUϩҥܪҼˡIثeUjXG|w]d IP o覡y۰ʨoIPzA ]NOҿתyDHCPzwTILAѩoӨwݭn DHCP DEUA }EL{i|Ϋݤ@qɶC]AziH令ʳ]wCLALApA nPzۦP~OC

    pGzp]wAS}YAڭ̷|bAgnn`JAbo̡ARSݭnALI ziHӵۉm]wȳ]wNnFIAF[cAA^ӳo̶i׭qu@YiI

     25 BwU{w]Ӌ]w
    25 BwU{w]Ӌ]w

    LTIn DHCP [IQΤʳ]wYiIA]iH]w}ENXʺdI pUϪbYaCܩ IP IKKINm@˴NnFIOߡI

     26 B]wd IP
    26 B]wd IP

    WϤLUTwAN|X{pUϥTIznۤv Linux DEW١C @ӻAڭ̳ijW٤ӤjơI]Ai|yӳ]wDE@ǧxZC ҥHAỏmHۤvWr@ӥDEW٩OIz]iH̼˵eĪI t~AӹhDP DNS ]wINm]w@˴NnFIDzS}YI Hڭ̦Aӳ]wnI

     27 B]wDEWٻP Gateway, DNS
    27 B]wDEWٻP Gateway, DNS

    ]wnAAӫhOSj}YTI]ڭ̬OmߥΪDEAo̴NnϥΨC t~A SELinux ]wȱoSOdNI SELinux O Security Enhanced Linux ̔gAoӮMO National Security Agency (NAS, http://www.nsa.gov/selinux/) ҵoiALDn\iHN޾ Linux ts(access control)A i]HקK@ǥiyڭ Linux @~twD(Security)n骺}aA M SELinux |nt@OALApGxLAŰʤF SELinux AKKI zӪAȥi|]oӸYKwEAfPLkѳsuDAΪ̵LkiƦsDA ҥHAȮɤ]NL}aI ^_^

     28 B]w
    28 B]w

    ]ڭ̰ΨAwU{ܦnߪ|ܧڭ̡GyASťΨIzAKKI S}YI~aI]ڭ̦bAg̭|ۤv]w\[I

     29 BLĵiT
    29 BLĵiT


    pADϥ 7. ܮɰϻP]w root KXG
    ]@ɳQN 24 ӮɰϡAҥHAonitڭ̪ɰϦb̤~[I pUϩҥܡAziHܥx_AΪ^ηƹbaϤWI]iHI nSO`NO yUTCzALPҿתy`ɶz}C LAڭ̤ݭnܳoӡAMܡARiyɰϳQvTAfPtܪɶ|PaɶPC
    Tips:
    WA UTC Pҿת GMT ɶO@˪INOLªvɶAOAǪayɶTI HLªv(^)Ҧba GMT 0 IAӱNay 24 ӮɰϡAڭ̥xWb GMT FA ɶAҥHxWaɶ GMT+8 pɡC
    mϥ
     30 BɰϪ
    30 BɰϪ

    AӫhO̭nyt޲zKXz]wTI b Linux UAt޲zw]W٬ root AЪ`NAoӱKXܭnI Mڭ̬OmߥΪDEALAROбzi}nߺDA̦n root KXiH]wY@IC iH]wܤ 8 ӦrHWAӥBtSŸnAҦpGI&my_dog AIǡA zSnOKXI

     31 Bt޲zKX]w
    31 Bt޲zKX]w

     32 Bt}lŪM
    32 Bt}lŪM


    pADϥ 8. M󪺿ܡG
    bi槹MŪA^UӡAhOܱznMTI xIګ򪾹DڭnMHIzSMi|D㪾D.....N|ӳod\ƤF @_@ STI}}....InN

    򥻤WAmijzϥΦwU{w]MӦwUI]A|ʥFܦhݭnM󪺡I pGzw^jAijzA^UϤ@ˡAܡywUzA@GöhIȤNNSUC SMTAoOwmEӶi檺wUC

    pGzwg㦳򥻪M޲zѡAm|ijzܡy̤pȡzӦwUA LAn߲zǷQANOܦhƱzobwU\AAۦѥФɮרӦwUI OAuIOA|Τ֪ŶAӥBt|۲bC

    SJk[HA]zݭn X Window Aoݭn@ǦSu㪺ܡA ziHܩUoǬ}M[I
    • s边
    • sgPX
    • A]wu
    • }ou(oӳ̭nI@wnܡI)
    • ۮeHn}o
    • y䴩
    • ޲zu
    • tu
    • CL䴩
    o˪Mjݭn 1833 MB wЪŶCӦpGzQnϥ X Window ܡA̤W誺 yX tzP yKDEୱz]iHNLܪTIJN`NUϪ̤UA ӡy`wUjpG xxxxxMzaHINOzܪM`@|ΦhֵwЪŶTI ܬݬݧaI

     33 BM󪺿
    33 BM󪺿

    ˬdLۨݩʪDA|X{@ӻA̭OA Τ@UN|DʪNҦܪMwUSAӥBAҦwUT|Qb /root/install.log /root/anaconda-ks.cfg oɮפOI

     34 BwUe
    34 BwUe

    ѩzҿܪMOboXiSAҥH|X{oӵAizA no|Ф~iHwUSI

     35 BTwzҾ֦
    35 BTwzҾ֦

    I}lwUoIbwUoӵeA|Rݭnh֮ɶA CӮM󪺦W١AHMM̔OI

     36 BwUL{e
    36 BwUL{e

    @@NЮXӡihOɶi֩OI

     37 BЧĵ
    37 BЧĵ

    ΨҦwUгwUA@N OK FI̫X{oӵeA бNElXӡAǷQUys}Ezh}EaI

     38 BЧĵ
    38 BЧĵ

    bs}EɡA|X{pUeAoO`IOߡItNns}EoI ^۽ЬݤU@ج}}EP}Ee[I

     39 BЧĵ
    39 BЧĵ


    pADϥ 9. L`NƶG
    bwUܤAǦaROݭnzG
    • Ai|\oܩ_ǡAAwUL{|ڪ@ˡHI I]CӤHܪM󳣤ɬۦPA]A pGAbwUL{ܤFڤ@˪MAξߡAwUL{|dz\ۦPO`I
    • bwUAФdUOoyXФzAMS|biJ@wUeI
    • PɫijAwUAжiJz BIOS SAN}Eǧ^ӡy CBA zΡy C only zϥNOwж}ETIoˤw@ǡI
    nFIoRMNwgwUܤFI~򩹤UݬݧaIӥBASijzAbi[eA Ш̧Ǭݤ@UUA̦nnt۬ݡAMܡAKKKKIX{DinǧڡI]Aӵ۶Ǭݷ|A Linux {ѤDUTI

    aB~@IAѤ@ bug reports ܡA FC4 w] X Window Intel HΤ@ G550 ܥdb䴩פWi঳DAoO]sL{̭UFӋΩҭPC㪺 bug reports iHѦҡG ̔xӻANO Intel ܥdP G550 ܥdwb FC4 sL{A iLkoRܥdnBzAfP tty1 ~ tty7 SF]XӡC 򶒨MOHpGzO즸^IJ Linux ܡAХѦ Linux ɮ׻Pؿ޲z ظ`S cp oӽƻsOAMN FC3 oɮ /usr/X11R6/lib/modules/libvgahw.a ƻs FC4 UۦPɮץhA gLs}EARMiHJAoӰDCMɮץiHbUoG bo̩γ\zRݤWgǤAS}YAoܥ`AΨU@ثA zNֱooӦabԣFҥHApGzbU@تrBϧΤ܂ɵoͰDA Ooӳo̬ݬݽI
    @
    jADϥh}EwUy{Pޥ
    ܦhB͡A]AڦۤvAѩu@ݭnA``ݭnP@~tӳBz`ͬPu@zơI ڬO_ݭnqOHäݭnAun@qϥΦh}E覡ӶiwUAKKIo˴N OK [IzAWOpALڤWRݭn@ǤpޥOI

    LANpPmeLAh}EtOܦhIsbAӥBz]HܰʳoӦh@~t}EϰϡA o̷QnyܲrPz Linux I^ҥHAmOܫijsϥΦh}ETI ҥHAUȬOX@ӤjyAziHݤ@ݡAӧڭ̽ͨ᭱ظ`ɡA z۵MN|yŵM}ԡzeX{FI ^_^

  • wЭsWُh}EtG
    pGAQnbA Linux EWPɦwU Windows HiܡHSMioI pBثeܦhBͤu@qAOSQnPɎߤ@U Linux AIwUh@~tbOnInFInpwUOHHme@}lD@ӪBͳWُ Win98, Win2000, Linux ҡAڥNwХH spfdisk Φ FAT partitionAOO 2GB P 3GB AwpwU Win98 P Win2000 ]OO C: P D: ^AMAH CD }EAγ̫᪺ϺЦ / P Swap ӡInFIpwUG
    1. H Spfdisk εwG
      ѩ Windows Fdisk bӺCFAZwϥ spfdisk oӥ媺ϺФΤI̔xSKINwФΦ C: 2GB, D: 3GBYiIN Spfdisk dҥiHWjM@UاaI ҦpGhttp://www.okfdzs1903.com/linux_basic/0140spfdisk.php

    2. wU Win98 G
      o̔xaI 98 }E}EA^wUAåBܦwUb C ѧYiI

    3. AwU Win2000G
      iJ Win98 AN Win2000 ФiEA݁|۰ʪ]X@ӵA ݧAnnɯšAܡyOzAM|i@Ǥpʧ@IbwU{ݨ yɯŦwUΥswUzɭԡAФdUܡyswUzoӶءA åBnɯŵwкϰϡIMbX{@ӡyݧAwUؿҦbzDɡA iJﶵ̭AܡynڦۤvDwФΰϡzӶءIM^UӤ@U yTwzΡyOzYiIAq|s}EA}E|iJ Win2000 wUeAMbX{ywUϰϡzɭԡAп D ѡA åBܡynϰɮרtzYiI^UӴN|@ǵ{TI

    4. ̫~wU Linux distribution G
      OA̫~wU Linux IwUL{NpPWA uLbwФΪa|@˴NOFII

    5. H Lilo grub ]wh}EG
      OAz lilo grub ӱNz}E{dz]w@UA oӰʧ@ڭ̷|bYA͡AΪ̱ziHbA vi A^ꑨh}Eظ`h@@@hI
  • bJs Windows t[U Linux tG
    t~AѤ@Ӥe]gwUL@ӸgIIAi|\o_ǡA oӤkW@Ӥk򤣦PIHI̤jPbG

    ڬJs Windows tƤQᱼA åBڤ]SswШӼȦsڪtΪ̬OQơI]쥻ڪ 20 GB wФΦ 10GB, 10GB ѡAORQnwU Linux A BObyHtMiHszpUIMpOnHI

    ouOܦêDIb Windows tA mNǤF@ӎhIC ѵӤjFI򥻤WAtɤݭnӤjTIq`ڳw C ѥuj 4 GB kŶ]Ʀܧp^AoO] C ѬOܻݭnQIpGӤjܡA QꐷСIҥHtmN|ܪɶ]]ҦF賣nswUIڭ....I^I]AڳߺDN C ѥu@IIŶAMAwUó]wҦtA}WH Ghost ӷQڪtIөҦQɮ׳\b D ѡI~Aڪ OutLook Express ѫHؿ]O\b C ѡIҥHڤ|ܮ` C ѱA]A^H Ghost RYioItRRݭn 30 OI

    o̴Noͤ@ӰDTAp쥻tO 10GB, 10GB ѡALΨ쪺ƶqu 10GB I]NORŶӦwU Linux AOѩwФΪnAҥH˸I~A ڪtƱdUӡAӥB]ƱiHwU Linux AnHImgo˰LG
    • ѩ FAT ϰϨϥΡAuObYk]ҿתwвĹsy^WُӤwA ҥHAڴNNڪƥHyϺЭœz覡NƳkb@_F

    • MH Spfdisk NMwЪ FAT iΡA`NIuO FAT AèS format ILo̪޳Nʫ@AݭnSO`NI]AON FAT sُAҥHAƥnbP@ӺϰϤInFAڴNN쥻 10GB 10GB Φ 4GBB10GBP 6GB TѡIӥBb spfdisk DUUA QbSƿ򥢪pUANڪwХѭѤΦToI@ӡA ڴNiHbڭ쥻 D Ѹ̭wU Linux TIkI^UϥܡG

    • ϺЪŶstܷN(resize)
      40 BϺЪŶstܷN(resize)
    ܯ_aIRObӪaALϰϪwIܤFARhX@ӺϰϡI LAo̭njaAMmgHoӤk\NwиƦblpUA QNwФΧܡALAoӤkRO㦳S{תIAI ]Oܫijzo˰IרOSARܭnɭԡIOOI

  • bJs Linux twUs Linux tG
    گ_b Linux tWwUt@M Linux OH|ҨӻAbwgwUF SuSE Linux W[U Fedora 4 OHSMiH[ILAP˪Az̵M partition ΪDC pGnN쥻 partition b Linux ̭jYpɡAznAɮרtyA oInѦҫظ`ϺлPɮרt}ѡA MAQΰg̫Xتw@P޲z̭ͨ쪺 resize2fs ΫOANiHFo㤣LAP˪A]OܦMII STTAnW٤sIan۪oi픪N[I ^_^

  • jADϥ}jwfPLk}ED
    ǪBͥibĤ@wU Linux Aoo{Lk}EDA ]NOATiHϥΤWmkӦwU FC4 AOANOLkQ}EA uns}EAN|X{UeG
    # eO@ǩ_Ǫܦr[I
    grub> _
    
    MΫݧAKJ@ǸơpGAoͤFo˪DAi઺Dn]NO......
    • ADEO BIOS ӂHAfPzswСF
    • AwЮeqӤjF (ҦpWL 120 GB HW)AODEOä䴩
    pGuOoˡANꐷФFAiiHo˰G
    • ezDEOxAU̷s BIOS ɮסAåBs BIOS aI
    • NzwЪ cylinders, heads, sectors ۤUӡAiJ BIOS ANwЪHϥΪ̳]w覡ʳ]wn
    SMR@ӳ̔xMkANOG
      swU Linux AåBb partition aAإߤ@ 100MB k partition ANL /boot oӱICåBn`NA /boot ӱIAnbӵwЪ̫eIҦpAO /dev/hda1 ~I
    ܩ|ͳoӰD]TOP BIOS 䴩wЮeq}A BzkMꐷСALA]uo˰FChPwФζ}E}DA m|b }EP}E{ Ai@BTI


    jADϥزDm
    ( nݵ׽бNƹʨyGzUťճBAUgťճBYiԎ )
    • Linux ؿtmHy𪬥ؿzӰtmAܩϺФΰ ( partition ) hݭnP𪬥ؿ۰tXIаݡAbw]pUAbwUɭԨt|nDA@wnΥXӪ Partition H
    • NOڥؿy/zP[OySwapz
    • O IDE ɭA@ӨAq PC \X IDE ɭPUmH
    • IDE ΨӶljKwиƪ@ӷJyɭF@ IDE1, IDE2 AO master P slave ҥH@| IDE Um䴩I
    • IDE2 master Ĥ@ logical ϺФAUmN]ɮצW١^H
    • /dev/hdc5
    • bwФ (Partition)ɡA̦hX primary + extended H
    • Primary + Extended @|ӡA䤤 Extended u@ӡI NwлP MBR iHѦ http://phorum.vbird.org/viewtopic.php?t=182
    • YbΪɭԡAb IDE1 slave wФAΡyӦΡzϰϡ]㦳 filesystem ^A~A primary ϰϡIаݤӺϰϪNH
    • /dev/hdb1(primary)
      /dev/hdb2(primary)
      /dev/hdb3(extended)
      /dev/hdb5(logical UҬ logical)
      /dev/hdb6
      /dev/hdb7
      /dev/hdb8
      Ъ`NA5-8 o| logical ۥ[`M 3I
    • @ӨAb RAM 64MB 128 MB tA swap n}hjH
    • Swap iH̔xQO[OAq`Lijjp RAM ⭿A OڤWROozDEWtQPγ~өwC⭿ RAM AY 128 MB 256 MB AioήįI
    • O GMT ɶHx_ɶtXYH
    • GMT ɶOLªvɶAAǪɶAӥx_ɶ GMT ֤F 8 pɡI
    • Tap, SCSI w, RAID, printer UmNH
    • Tape: /dev/ht0 (IDE), /dev/st0 (SCSI);
      SCSI H.D. : /dev/sd[a-p];
      RAID : /dev/md[0-15];
      printer: /dev/lp[0-2]
    • pGڪϺФήɡA]wF| Primary ϰϡAOϺRŶAаݧRणϥγoǪŶH
    • I]̦hu| Primary ϺФμѡAShiHiΤFIBѩS Extended AҥH۵MAϥ Logical λ
    • q`bwU Linux ɭԡA̭nNOϺФΤFIаݡGϺФγq`nXӨBJH
    • 1. iϺФ partition F
      2. i榡 format F
    • ϺФΤ|ҿת Primary, Extended P Logical ϺФμѡAаݦ̬iϥΪ Partition H
    • u Primary P Logical iΡA Extended i^ϥΪ Partition A RݭnAΦ Logical A~iH~ϥΡIӳ̤jiΥXӪ Partition RM 63 Ӥ~I
    • wг̤pzxsq(sector)jpq`h֡H
    • ثeӤHq SATA/IDE w sector x쬰 512 bytesC
    • wЪĹsytMBRpartition tableAаݡApartition ̤px쬰(ϬWBYBϭy)
    • Cylinder (ϬW)AҥH partition jpϬWjpӋC

    2005/06/17GsWwU FC4 ؔ[I
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